1992-1998 of release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and half shafts
- 9. Brake system
9.2. System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)
9.3. Brake shoes of forward brakes
9.4. Support of forward brakes
9.5. Brake shoes of back disk brakes
9.6. Support of back disk brakes
9.7. Brake disk
9.8. Brake shoes of back drum brakes
9.9. Working cylinder
9.10. Main cylinder of the brake system
9.11. Brake hoses and tubes
9.12. Hydraulic system of brakes
9.13. Vacuum amplifier
9.14. Emergency brake
9.15. Ropes of the emergency brake
9.16. Brake pedal
9.17. Switch of headlights of a stoplight
9.18. Valve of restriction of pressure sensitive to car loading
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
9. Brake system
On the models described in this management the hydraulic double-circuit brake system with division into forward and back wheels is installed. On forward wheels disk brakes, and on back - drum or disk, depending on model are established. Both forward, and back brakes are self-regulating. Disk brakes are automatically regulated depending on wear of brake shoes, and drum brakes have the adjusting mechanism which is put in action at statement of the car on the emergency brake.
The hydraulic system consists of two contours. The main cylinder of the brake system has two tanks for two contours and, in case of leak of brake fluid or an exit of one of contours out of operation, the second contour will work. The double valve of restriction of pressure which is installed on a back wall of a motive compartment provides balance in braking force between forward and back brakes. On models on which the system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS), the valve of restriction of pressure sensitive to car loading is installed limits pressure in a contour of back brakes depending on car loading.
The vacuum amplifier uses a difference between pressure in an inlet collector of the engine and atmospheric pressure for strengthening of brakes. It is established on a back wall of a motive compartment.
The emergency brake involves only back brakes. The drive is carried out by means of ropes. The car is put on the emergency brake by means of the lever installed on the central console.
After dismantling any of elements of the brake system, it is necessary to check operation of the brake system before normal operation of the car. When checking brakes, you carry out control braking on a plain, dry, flat surface. Conducting check in other conditions can yield incorrect results.
Check operation of the brake system at various speeds and with various force of braking. Braking has to be uniform and should not pull the car in any party. Try not to block brakes as it leads to sliding of the car, reduces efficiency of braking and controllability of the car.
Quality of tires, loading of the car and adjustment of wheels are the factors which are also influencing work of brakes.