1992-1998 of release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
- 8. Coupling and half shafts
- 8.2. Coupling
8.2.1. Coupling elements
8.2.2. Release bearing and fork of switching off of coupling
8.2.3. Main cylinder of the drive of switching off of coupling
8.2.4. Working cylinder of the drive of switching off of coupling
8.2.5. Hydraulic system of the drive of switching off of coupling
8.2.6. The switch blocking start of the engine
+ 8.3. Half shaft
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
On all cars with the mechanical transmission dry, disk coupling with the central spring of diaphragm type is established. The conducted clutch plate has the plug with vents on an internal surface that allows it to slide along shlits of an entrance shaft of the transmission. Conducted and press clutch plates are kept together by pressure of plates of the diaphragm spring established in a press clutch plate.
On cars the hydraulic drive of switching off of coupling is used. It consists of a pedal of coupling, the main cylinder and a tank with hydraulic liquid, hydraulic tubes, the working cylinder which sets a fork of switching off of coupling and the release bearing in motion.
By pressing a coupling pedal for coupling switching off, hydraulic pressure is transferred to the external end of a fork of switching off of coupling. At turn the fork puts pressure upon the release bearing. That, in turn, puts pressure upon plates of a diaphragm spring that coupling releases.
At the description of elements of coupling the used terminology can cause problems as in certain cases the old names used by the producer changed. For example, the conducted disk often is called the conducted clutch plate or just a clutch plate, press the disk sometimes is called a coupling casing, the coupling switching off bearing sometimes is called the release bearing, and the coupling switching off cylinder sometimes is called the working cylinder.