+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling systems, heating
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and half shafts
+ 9. Brake system
- 10. Suspension bracket and steering
10.2. Rack of a suspension bracket (lobby)
10.3. Suspension bracket rack
10.4. Stabilizer of cross stability (forward suspension bracket) and plug
10.5. Suspension bracket lever
10.6. Spherical hinges
10.7. Rotary fist and nave
10.8. Nave and hug bearing (forward wheel)
10.9. Stabilizer of cross stability (back suspension bracket) and plug
10:10. Rack of a suspension bracket (back)
10:11. Longitudinal draft
10:12. Cross drafts of a suspension bracket
10:13. Nave and bearing (back wheel)
10:14. Arm of a nave of a back wheel
10:16. Steering wheel
10:17. Tips of steering drafts
10:18. Steering transfer
10:19. Pump of system of strengthening of steering
10:20. System of strengthening of steering
10:21. Wheels and tires
10:22. Adjustment of angles of installation of wheels
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
Elements of a forward suspension bracket
1. Stabilizer of cross stability
2. Stabilizer plug clip
3. Suspension bracket lever
4. Spherical hinge
5. Suspension bracket rack with a spring
6. Right half shaft
7. Left half shaft
8. Rack steering transfer
9. Cross-piece of fastening of the engine
10. Suspension bracket cross-piece
The forward suspension bracket uses MacPherson racks. From above each rack with a spring of a suspension bracket fastens to a support to a rack which in turn fastens to a body. The lower end of a rack fastens to a rotary fist. The rotary fist also fastens to the spherical hinge installed on the external end of the lever of a suspension bracket. The stabilizer of cross stability reduces fluctuations of a body of the car.
Elements of a back suspension bracket
1. Cross draft of N2 (back)
2. Draft length regulator
3. Cross draft of N1 (forward)
4. Stabilizer of cross stability of a back suspension bracket
5. Stabilizer plug clip
6. Connecting draft of the stabilizer
7. Longitudinal draft
8. Suspension bracket rack with a spring
9. Arm of a nave of a back wheel
10. Cross-piece of a back suspension bracket
The back suspension bracket also uses racks with springs. The top end of a rack fastens to a car body. The lower end of a rack fastens to a nave arm. The arm fastens to two cross drafts of a suspension bracket, and for fastening the longitudinal draft of a suspension bracket established between an arm of a nave and a body serves in the longitudinal direction.
Steering transfer of rack type is established behind an engine / box
transfers on a body partition also operates steering drafts which
fasten to rotary fists. The internal ends of steering drafts are protected by rubber covers which need to be checked periodically for reliability of fastening, existence of gaps or leak of lubricant.
The system of strengthening of steering consists of the pump with the drive from a driving belt of the engine and includes tubes and hoses. Level of hydraulic liquid in a tank of the pump needs to be checked periodically (see subsection 2.5).
The steering wheel rotates a shaft of a steering column which operates steering transfer via the Universal hinge. Looseness of steering can be caused by wear of the Universal hinge of a shaft of a steering column, wear of steering transfer, fastenings of cross steering drafts or weakening of an inhaling of fixing bolts.
Often, during the work with elements of a suspension bracket or steering, it is necessary to face threaded connections which, apparently, cannot be turned off. These connections under the car bottom constantly are affected by moisture, dust, dirt, etc. and can rust or clog and then it is very difficult to turn off them. To solve this problem, without having broken sides of bolts or nuts (and without having damaged other elements) use a large amount of oil with the increased penetration and wait several minutes, having allowed it to be absorbed properly. Cleaning of a visible part of a carving by means of a wire brush also to allow it is easier to turn off a bolt or a nut. Sometimes, the strong blow of the hammer or a chisel can destroy the communication preventing work between a nut and a bolt, however, be accurate and do not damage a carving. Sometimes happens it is useful to heat the jammed connection by means of a blowtorch, however be extremely careful during the work with an open flame. Try to take a key with longer handle or to use a pipe piece which needs to be put on a key, having increased, thus, a shoulder. Sometimes before untwisting it is possible to try to put even stronger the clamp or a bolt, after that it can easier be turned off. Those bolts and nuts which were very heavy to be turned off need to be replaced.
As the majority of the operations described in this chapter demand a poddomkrachivaniye of the car and work under its bottom, it is necessary to get couple of good support. For raising of the car it is recommended to use a hydraulic jack. It can also be used for maintenance of some elements and units of the car when performing various operations.
It is forbidden to use a jack in quality
support. After untwisting and removal of bolts or nuts of threaded connections they need to be examined and if it is necessary, to replace new. Twist threaded connections till the required inhaling moment. Do not try to cook and level any of elements a suspension bracket or steering. Replace the deformed or damaged elements new.